The eye of the collector by Jean-luc Ferrand

Porcelain KUTANI

Monday 15 February 2016, by Barbara Cogollos

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In 1644, Jiangxi Province in China fell to the Manchu which causes an export stop polychrome porcelains only resume sporadically from 1660. The export of Chinese products is the only way for Japanese will provide in polychrome porcelain, Korea producing only the "white, blue" Japanese craftsmen are trying to unravel the mysteries of the polychrome. It’s something done when a pottery Hizen discovered the polychrome enamels undercover, according to legend, a Chinese expatriate in Nagasaki would have revealed the secret of the composition of said enamel.

From 1646 the production is launched in 1647 the Sakaida Kizaemon potter sells multicolored pieces to the Lord Maeda of Kaga Clan, is the appearance of the art of enamel on coverage. The technique consists of a first firing of the body coated with a transparent cover to 1280 ° then an application of the enamel on the transparent cover and a second low-temperature curing (950 °). This technique generates a particular polychrome red and green associated with a blue undercover.

From 1640, the pallet changing: the chromatic scale is expanding and now account yellow, green, red, blue and eggplant, is the appearance of "old Kutani 5 colors." The most common forms are circular plates, cups etc.

In 1650, it is the emergence of a new palette: red, light yellow and green associate to blue undercover . But Kutani continues to evolve and create new trends: Kutani with green palette or Kutani red pallet . The Kutani with green palette will also be the first exported to Europe. The Kutani porcelain meets a huge success and the Japanese keep control over all porcelain until 1658 and the appearance of gold decor.

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