The eye of the collector by Jean-luc Ferrand

MONTIGNY faïence

Friday 18 December 2015, by Barbara Cogollos

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PAIRE DE LAMPES EN FAIENCE IMPRESSIONISTE, MONTIGNYPair of Montigny faience oil lamps from the late XIXth century mounted for electricity. This pair of lamps with coves, are decorated with painted peonies in impressionist style. Bases and tanks are in gilt embossed bronze.

During the second half of XIXth century, a new art movement appears: Impressionism. This artistic trend was named after Impression Soleil Levant by Claude MONET (1872). This movement deals with ephemeral visions of nature: sunrise, quiet lake or flowers fulfillment. Pallet is light, bright; outlines disappear and leaves place for the artist touch.
In 1872, Louis-Eugène SCHOPIN creates ceramics factory at Montigny-sur-Loing. Montigny faience shapes are fluid, graceful and innovative. He collaborates with painters to create a new range inspired by Impressionism. SCHOPIN use a thick touch and a bright pallet with harmonious tones such as the Impressionist. Montigny faience keeps a naturalistic and realistic interpretation in their decoration.
Flowers and foliage are predilection theme of impressionist ceramicist. Artist uses generous and shapely form of the object to enhance its composition.
These creations of Montigny have a “fausse barbotine en relief” (“fake barbotine in relief”). This technic consists to paint these flowers on a raw and smooth surface; in painting on canvas style. Sevres factory creates this technic at the XIXth century. To protect the decor, they put a tin coat. It gives a lot of brilliance.
This mix of faience art and “barbotine” painting is called impressionnist ceramic. Thanks to this material, decorative and pictorial innovation, Louis-Eugene SCHOPIN receives a silver medal to the World Exhibition in 1878, a golden medal to the Amsterdam World Exhibition and a second at the International Work Exhibition in 1885.
This pair of lamps is original and innovative, for the first time in the Art History an artistic movement such as Impressionism, is mixed with ceramic technic.

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