The eye of the collector by Jean-luc Ferrand

Jules FLOUR (1864-1921)

Friday 18 December 2015, by Barbara Cogollos

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Oil on canvas, "HARLEQUIN AND COLUMBINE" signed J.FLOUR :

Very important painting by the artist Jules FLOUR (1864-1921), famous Provencal artist, activist of the "Group of 13" and a professor at the School of Fine Arts of Avignon.

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Born on August, 6 1864, Jules FLOUR is the son of a founder from French Provence. Fastly, the young Jules begin to draw and paint. His parents support his taste for art. During his teenage years, Jules FLOUR works at Charles GUILBERT’s workshop as a glass painter then he registers with the Beaux Art school in Avignon. He studies under the direction of Gabriel BOURGES et Pierre GRIVOLAS, two famous painters of Provence movement.
With many financial efforts, Jules FLOUR’s parents send him to Paris to study at Beaux Arts School, under the direction of Jean Leon GEROME, emblematic painter during the Second Empire. With recommandation of professors, the city of Avignon gave to Jules FLOUR a financial support.
The Parisian period of Jules FLOUR goes for 20 years. During this time, he improves his skill and his pictural sensitivity. Jean Leon GEROME says about Jules FLOUR that he’s « a very good student ». In spite of his financial problems, Jules FLOUR, gives, each year, one of his painting to the city of Avignon.
During his parisian period, Jules FLOUR keeps in mind his origins, he goes many times in Provence, making portraits of wealthy public figures. Slowly, Jules FLOUR grows on in Paris with his capacity to analyze his models, his kindness and his talent. During this
period, he is assisted by many famous people like the influential marchant, Paul DURAND RUEL.

In 1900, on request of city hall, Jules FLOUR decorates ceilings of community hall in Avignon. Two years later, after the birth of his son, Jules FLOUR is suffering by a serious eyes disease. Tired of parisian life, he wants to come back to Provence and he contacts city of Avignon for a job. Starting from february 1906, he teaches in Beaux Arts school in Avignon. His succes in Provence isconsiderable, he makes many portraits for public people, wealthy family etc... During this period he co-creates the famous « Groupe des XIII », their goal is to promote the artisctical life in Provence. In this group, Jules FLOUR is the moral authority.

During World War I, Jules FLOUR is to old to fight. He illustrates cards for the soldiers and replaces teachers in different schools.
During this period, Jules FLOUR creates a « club » in his house, where students like to come and read, discuss or debate. FLOUR continues to be a teacher and a guide until his death in 1921.

The Jules FLOUR’s work is, at first, caracterised by academism. His first paintings show a precise sense of light. But Jules FLOUR doesn’t like composition, mythological scenes etc. When he arrives in Paris, FLOUR is inspired by Impressionnism and light becomes an important element of his work. After his return trip to Provence, Jules FLOUR keeps this subtlety in the treatment of light. But Jules FLOUR is mostly famous for his portraits, his capacity to analyze his subject is pure genious.

The painting that we propose can be compare with the last period of Jules FLOUR’s career, his mature period.

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