The eye of the collector by Jean-luc Ferrand


Monday 15 February 2016, by Barbara Cogollos

All the versions of this article: [English] [français]

Screen with four sheets of glass acid etched. Silver and gold, patinated with sheet and painted.


180 cm (hight) x 216 cm (width)

In the twentieth century the glass is emerging as one of the symbols of modern life to the side of the metal and concrete. Max INGRAND is an artist who contributes to the rediscovery of the first material. It is a creative artist who has thousands of designs worldwide.

Maurice Ernest INGRAND was born December 20, 1908 in Bressuire in the Deux-Sèvres and died August 25, 1969 in Neuilly.

Max INGRAND is known for its production of religious stained glass which is one of the most prolific of the century, his creation became light fittings of classic and still published 50 years after their creation, but also its production of etched glass. He obtained the prestigious title of president of the French Association of the lighting. It will also be a member of the Society of Decorative Artists, the Sacred Art Salon, the Salon d’Automne and artistic director of Fontana Arte (company specializing in glass and mirrors).

Max INGRAND is part of the emblematic figures of Art Deco. He is called to participate in the building of the prestigious liner Normandie and works with renowned designers Jules Leleu, the PLANTIER Marc André Arbus, the ironworker Gilbert POILLERAT

You can admire his works around the world in France; Galliera Museum, the brasserie Le Triomphe in Paris or in the great hall of unions to Labour Exchange in Lille, in many churches and cathedrals ... But also in Buenos Aires in the building of the headquarters of the railway or in Mumbai where he adorns the dining room of the hotel Taj Mahal.

It all began in 1927 when he entered in the workshop glassmaker Jacques GRUBER as glass painter.

He starts his account in 1931 and set up a new business with Emile Schwartz at 8 passage Tenailles in Paris.He separated from his partner in 1935 but is still at that address. In 1927 he met a certain Paule who became his wife in 1930. Artist like him, they develop together a common creation: the etched glass.

Max is etching and Paule is developing patterns. They sign with their names both works.

In parallel, they each develop their own work: Max Ingrand designs his civil and religious stained glass windows, Paule Ingrand is expressed thanks to her graphic talent, painter and muralist.

The order of the great American decorator Elsie de Wolfe, to realize the frieze under the wide cornice its etched glass bathroom is a real springboard for the couple. Public awareness quickly follows.

The review of Architecture today welcomes a realization that "knows how to skillfully play the colors and light, creating an atmosphere full of life and leisure"

After World War II, Max INGRAND divorce Paule, it’s time to rebuild, he turns to the creation of stained glass windows for churches damaged by bombing. He campaigned for the introduction of modern stained glass and operates throughout the territory: Saint-Gatien cathedral of Tours, St. Martin’s Church eagle in the Orne, the Donges Saint Martin church in Loire-Atlantique, the church of the Jacobins in Toulouse ... He is also commissioned beyond French borders: in Quebec, the United States, South America, Caracas and São Paulo.

In 1949, he is no longer transform light through the glass prism or metamorphose through work or etched glass. An artistic turning point came in the life of Max INGRAND who engages in the production of lamps.

Max INGRAND has finally three phases of creations that crossed or rode throughtout his life: the painted stained glass windows, etched glass and lighting.

The screen that we present is based on etched glass creations. This type of design is so highly valued by good taste; Maxime OLD, Helena Rubinstein, Baroness GUNZBURG or King Charles II of Romania ...

The technique of Max INGRAND is to take back the techniques of glass masters, acid and sand, and experience or develop new processes.

This type of production is a collaboration of the couple INGRAND. They like the mythological and astrological themes. Their art register in the tradition of glass and crafts. The patterns repeat the canons of Greek antiquity, induced by the material of glass. Indeed, unable to create depth effects with the glass, the compositions are made in two dimensions and usually frieze.

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